Representing and Reconstructing History: Examining “Historical Paintings of Taiwan” in the 1935 Exhibition
|Keywords:||歷史畫;台灣歷史畫;小早川篤四郎;始政四十周年紀念台灣博覽會;集體記憶;Historical Painting;Historical Paintings of Taiwan;Kohayakawa Atsusirou;Taiwan Exhibition of the Fortieth Anniversary of Governance During the Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan;Collective Memory||Issue Date:||Mar-2006||Source:||美術史研究集刊||Start page/Pages:||109-173||Abstract:||
This article examines the set of “Historical Paintings of Taiwan,” now in the collection of Museum of Cheng Cheng-Kung in Tainan, discussing how it was produced, its political and cultural significances, and its historical transformations. This research study provides an opportunity to closely examine the complex situations under which political and historical ideologies manipulated the making of historical paintings in colonial Taiwan. The article first discusses Kohayakawa Atsusirou, painter of “Historical Paintings of Taiwan” outlining the background reasons that he received the commission from the Japanese government, and analyzing how traditional historical paintings shaped his own style. It then compares Kohayakawa’s work with paintings of the same subject by his mentors Ishikawa Kinichirou and Okada Saburousuke in order to reveal the distinguished challenges that Kohayakawa had faced in creating “Historical Paintings of Taiwan,” twenty paintings made for the Gallery of History of Tainan in the 1935 Exhibition. Assisted by historians and interfered by the Japanese colonial government, Kohayakawa transformed the Taiwanese historical pictorial conventions infusing the work with new historical images of Taiwan. Through an investigation into its historical background and comparison with other relevant paintings, this research study examines each historical painting’s visual contexts, iconography, artistic style, and the underneath ideologies of those Japanese in Taiwan. Lastly, this article discusses the transformations of the genre in the post-war era to shed light on the question of “What constitute historical paintings of Taiwan.”
|Appears in Collections:||藝術史研究所|
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