The Rise of Sung Antiquarianism and The Imitation of Archaic Bronze
|Keywords:||古器物學;仿古銅器;再現三代;大晟編鐘;蕤賓;夷則;Antiquarianism;Archaic imitation bronze vessel;Tsai-hsian san-tai;Ta-sheng pian-chung;Jui-pin;I-tse||Issue Date:||Mar-2001||Source:||美術史研究集刊||Start page/Pages:||037-160||Abstract:||
During the Northern Sung Dynasty, the archaism movement known as "Recovering the Three Dynasties," or tsai-hsian san-tai reflected the revival of Confucian traditions and developed in tandem with Neo-Confucianism. With the interaction and shared influence between the literati as well as the court, this "movement" was characterized by a general interest in the "study of ancient objects" (antiquarianism) and by effort to reorder the rituals of the state through the reproduction of archaic ritual bronze vessels. Interest in the revival of ancient cultural ideals of tsai-hsian san-tai, along with the scholarly study of antiquities, laid the intellectual foundation for the production of "archaic imitation" bronzes. Furthermore, antiquarianism was established successfully leading scholars to examine the past and determine the method of their inquiry. Thus, this archaism movement revived the bronze casting art of the Three Dynasties which had seemed to perish over the ages. At the same time, it was parallel to the development of neo-Confucianism in philosophy and "ancient text" (ku-wen) movement in literature during the Sung. This article focuses on two topics: the production of archaic imitation bronze vessels and antiquarianism during the Sung. The former begins with an exploration of surviving Sung "imitation" bronzes and related literary records in an effort to better understand the role which these "archaic imitations" played in the development of Sung bronze casting art. The letter emphasizes on the bronze epigraphy (chin-hs?eh) duing the Sung. The fact that large numbers of illustrated catalogues of bronze epigraphy, rarely seen in the Han and T'ang, suddenly begin to appear in the Sung historical record is not only the result of the development of printing but more importantly a symptom of profound intellectual change. Together, these two interrelated aspects of bronze scholarship and bronze casting history offer insight into the interest in antiquity that characterized the intellectual flowering of the Sung.
|Appears in Collections:||藝術史研究所|
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