|Title:||Adiponectin Enhances Il-6 Production in Human Synovial Fibroblast Via an Adipor1 Receptor, Ampk, P38, and Nf-Kappa B Pathway||Authors:||TANG, CHIH-HSIN
|Keywords:||ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE;TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR;FATTY-ACID OXIDATION;FACTOR-ALPHA;INFLAMMATORY CYTOKINES;RHEUMATOID-ART||Issue Date:||2007||Journal Volume:||v.179||Journal Issue:||n.8||Start page/Pages:||5483-5492||Source:||JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY||Abstract:||
Articular adipose tissue is a ubiquitous component of human joints, and adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted predominantly by differentiated adipocytes and involved in energy homeostasis. We investigated the signaling pathway involved in IL-6 production caused by adiponectin in both rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts and osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts. Rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts and osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts expressed the AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 isoforms of the adiponectin receptor. Adiponectin caused concentration- and time-dependent increases in IL-6 production. Adiponectin- mediated IL-6 production was attenuated by AdipoR1 and 5'- AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)alpha 1 small interference RNA. Pretreatment with AMPK inhibitor (araA and compound C), p38 inhibitor (SB203580), NF-kappa B inhibitor , I kappa B protease inhibitor, and NF-kappa B inhibitor peptide also inhibited the potentiating action of adiponectin. Adiponectin increased the kinase activity and phosphorylation of AMPK and p38. Stimulation of synovial fibroblasts with adiponectin activated I kappa B kinase alpha/beta (IKK alpha/beta), I kappa B alpha phosphorylation , I kappa B alpha degradation , p65 phosphorylation at Ser ( 276), p65 and p50 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus, and kappa B-luciferase activity. Adiponectin- mediated an increase of IKK alpha/beta activity, kappa B- luciferase activity, and p65 and p50 binding to the NF-kappa B element and was inhibited by compound C, SB203580 and AdipoR1 small interference RNA. Our results suggest that adiponectin increased IL-6 production in synovial fibroblasts via the AdipoR1 receptor/AMPK/p38/IKK alpha beta and NF-kappa B signaling pathway.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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