|Title:||Enhancement of Fibronectin Synthesis and Fibrillogenesis by Bmp-4 in Cultured Rat Osteoblast||Authors:||TANG, CHIH-HSIN
|Keywords:||GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA;BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN-4;CELL- ADHESION;SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION;IN-VITRO;EXPRESSION||Issue Date:||2003||Journal Volume:||v.18||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||502-511||Source:||JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH||Abstract:||
The skeletal extracellular matrix produced by osteoblasts contains the glycoprotein fibronectin (Fn), which regulates the adhesion, differentiation, and function of osteoblasts. Fn fibrillogenesis is involved in the process of bone mineralization. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) can be isolated from organic bone matrix and are able to initiate de novo cartilage and bone formation. In this study, the effect of BMP-4 on Fn fibrillogenesis in cultured rat osteoblasts was examined. BMP-4 enhanced Fn synthesis and extracellular Fn assembly in primary cultured osteoblasts. In addition, the extracellular assembly of Fn from exogenously applied soluble human Fn was also increased by BMP-4. It has been reported that alpha5beta1 integrin is related to Fn fibrillogenesis. The synthesis of both alpha5 and beta1 integrins was upregulated by BMP-4. Immunocytochemistry showed that the clustering of alpha5 and beta1 integrins was also increased by BMP-4. BMP-4 increased fibril formation of Fn and the adhesion of osteoblasts onto Fn matrix, which was inhibited by disintegrin triflavin and Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) peptide. Phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) was increased by BMP-4. Enhancement of extracellular Fn fibrillogenesis and the mRNA expression of beta1 integrin by BMP-4 were inhibited by ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059. These results suggest that the enhancement of extracellular Fn fibrillogenesis by BMP-4 in cultured osteoblasts is related to the increase of the synthesis of Fn and clustering of alpha5 and beta1 integrins. ERK is involved in the signaling pathway of BMP-4 in regulating Fn fibrillogenesis in osteoblasts .
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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