A New Way Of Thinking: Meditative Thinking in Later Heidegger
|Keywords:||存有;隸屬;超乎尋常的;沉思。;Being;belonging-together;the unusual;meditative thinking.||Issue Date:||2006||Abstract:||
最後本文指出，既然存有的給出是使一切得以呈現的隸屬，並且本真的思考是領悟一切在隸屬中同一的整體，那麼本真的思考，即沉思，始終堅持在它和存有原初的關係中。沉思在這樣的堅持中展現了存有的給出，包括事物的呈現和思考的呈現，這樣，在沉思中我們領悟了一切的存有。海德格的沉思之路不僅帶我們重新反省存有及思考的本性，同時也真正讓我們領悟了哲學思考的核心 ─ 存有。
The inquiry of Being is always at the core of philosophy. In this thesis I want to show Heidegger’s meditative thinking of Being in terms of an analysis on his reflection of Being and the thinking of Being.
First, this thesis shows that for Heidegger the meaning of Being is un-concealment, and since the un-concealing of Being itself is also the revealing of entities, therefore they belong together. In this belonging-togetherness, Being brings about the appearance of entities, i.e., Being makes the presence of entities.
In the making presence of entities, Being for Heidegger is the primordial language. In the speaking of the primordial language of Being Heidegger discovered the primordial belongingness of Being and entities and also the belongingness of Being and thinking. Being cannot reveal itself as Being without the thinking of human beings. Heidegger announces that the primordial belongingness of Being and thinking is the foundation of thinking.
Since thinking occurs in its belongingness to Being, the authentic character of thinking cannot be regarded as the representative ability of man, but as his acceptance of the claim of Being. Besides, since thinking occurs essentially as the acceptance of Being—the acceptance of the gift from Being, that which thinking accepts is always the unusual, the extraordinary. Furthermore, the gift that thinking accepts is not some specific object but the world that opened up by Being. Being, things, and thinking all belong altogether and they form a unitary whole.
Finally, since Being gives a whole and holds things and thinking together, and thinking is a kind of listening, a listening to the primordial language of Being, then thinking always remains in its original relation with Being. Thinking is the realm through which we can discern the revealing of Being. Therefore, this thesis comes to the conclusion that Heidegger’s concept of thinking is not only the way that leads us to the essence of Being and of thinking, but also lead us to discern the core of philosophy, that is to say, Being.
Key words: Being, belonging-together, the unusual, meditative thinking.
|Appears in Collections:||哲學系|
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