A Study of Kierkegaard’s Philosophy of Religion: How do I become a Christian?
|Keywords:||祁克果學;宗教A;宗教B;基督教;基督徒;基督國;絕對困思;Kierkegaardianism;Religiousness A;Religiousness B;Christianity;Christian;Christendom;the Absolute Paradox||Issue Date:||2006||Abstract:||
All of Kierkegaard’s philosophy is philosophy of religion, that’s the eminent and different place from other philosophers’ philosophy of religion. His whole authorship is to answer the decisive question “How do I become a Christian?”, and that’s his all life. “Kierkegaardianism” also provides two approaches to Christianity: back from the esthetic, poet to becoming a Christian, and back from the system, the speculative to becoming a Christian. But Religiousness A (paganism) is the necessary condition of Religiousness B (Christianity) and Kierkegaard never arrogated the ideal Christianity to himself. He is just a lover of the religious, at least a Christian of paganism. His duty is to pave the way for Christianity, and to make aware of the religious (especially Christianity) without authority.
Kierkegaard has only an “either/or”: either the esthetic, or the ethics and the religious. The Mode of the esthetic life is pleasure-despairing, the (Hegelian systematic) philosophical element of the esthetic make man to doubt everything, they need either/or and faith to leap to the ethics respectively. The ethics requires universality, and also the transitional sphere of the religious that requires particularity. The transition is not the logical deduction, but as the above leap. The effect of the former sphere just abated at the later sphere, not renounced. The religious sphere has Religiousness A and Religiousness B respectively; both of them are to answer the above decisive question. The difference is the former answered negatively (What is not Christianity), the later positively (What is Christianity). Due to Religiousness A is the perpetual basis of all religions and the situation of Kierkegaard’s self-consciousness, it occupied most weight of “Kierkegaardianism” and worked upon best. But there is an Enormous Illusion named “Christendom” in Religiousness A, it needs to leap to Religiousness B by “the Absolute Paradox”.
|Appears in Collections:||哲學系|
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