A Comparative Study of Library and Information Science Research in Taiwan and Japan
|關鍵字:||圖書資訊學;研究;內容分析;期刊論文;比較研究;臺灣;日本;Library and Information Science;research;content analysis;journal articles;comparative research;Taiwan;Japan||公開日期:||2005||摘要:||本研究旨在探討臺灣與日本兩地1991年至2002年間圖書資訊學研究之特性與發展情形，以內容分析法分析12年間臺灣出版之26種圖書資訊學專業期刊，共2,016篇研究性論文，以及日本出版之43種期刊，共1,283篇論文，並比較臺灣與日本分析結果的異同。研究結果發現，兩地的圖書資訊學研究在文獻成長、文獻內容特性、作者特性三方面皆呈現顯著的差異，相同或相似之處並不多。
The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics and developments of Library and Information Science (LIS) research of Taiwan and Japan from 1991 to 2002. To make a comparison between Taiwan and Japan, a total of 2,016 research articles from 26 LIS journals published in Taiwan, and 1,283 research articles from 41 journals published in Japan were obtained for content analysis. The findings show that the LIS researches in Taiwan and Japan were significantly different in the aspects of literature growth, content characteristics, and authorship characteristics. In the aspect of literature growth, more research articles were published in Taiwan than in Japan, showing obvious growth trend. However, research articles in Japan did not increase by year. The findings on content characteristics are as follows: 1. The major research subjects of Taiwan and Japan were both “Library and Information Technology”, but others were different. 2. Percentages of articles about libraries were similar. The most frequently discussed library types were Public Library and Academic Library. 3. The most frequently discussed media types were both Electronic Media, but percentages were significantly different. 4. Percentages of articles about discipline were different. Social Science was mainly concerned in Taiwan. In contrast, Medicine, Agricultural and Biological Science and Arts and Humanities were mainly concerned in Japan. 5. Percentages of articles about countries were also different. Asian countries were more concerned in Taiwan than in Japan. However, European countries were more concerned in Japan. 6. The development of the Internet had influences on LIS researches both in Taiwan and Japan, but had more obvious influence on Taiwan. 7. The most frequently used research methods were Literature Review, Concept Analysis, and Document Analysis, but percentages were different. 8. Japan's LIS researches used statistics more often than Taiwan did, but percentages of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were different. In the aspect of authorship characteristics, Taiwan's LIS authors had higher productivity, although there were fewer authors in Taiwan. However, co-authorship was more common in Japan, and had more co-authors per article. The percentages of author's genders in Taiwan and Japan were significantly different. There were more female authors in Taiwan, but more male authors in Japan. With respect to the author's occupations, most of them were university professors, and the second were librarians. However, the percentages of student authors and others were significantly different.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。