FDTD simulation of nano imaging with silver nano rod structure
|Keywords:||時域有限差分法;奈米銀柱;FDTD;silver nano rod||Issue Date:||2006||Abstract:||
Silver nanorods have an excellent localization of the transmitted wave; especially the localized spot has a space below the bottom of the nanorods. In this dissertation, the near field distribution of silver nanorods is investigated. The numerical method knows as finite difference time domain (FDTD) is introduced into near field optics. The effects of various radius, lengths, gaps and separations of silver nanorod array are investigated. Results of the calculation provide a direct theoretical basis for the relation between the localization of surface Plasmon and the enhance of near field.
The near field distribution of nano hexagonal rod, and the parallel nanorod array are studies systematically using our FDTD method. It is found that the image is highly dependent on the spacing and radius of nanorods. Results of single nanorod show similar near field distribution to an electrical dipole. Due to the boundary condition at the interface, the polarized incident wave enhance the field at boundary of the nanorod. The influence of nanorods on contrast is studied with FDTD method as well.
Silver nanorods have an excellent effect on localizing the transmitted wave, especially, the enhancements below the bottom of the nanorods. In this dissertation, a systematic apparoach to studying the near-field distributions, from a single nanorod to an array of nanorods, is carried out. The three-dimensional finite difference time domain (3D FDTD) which is a well known and powerful numerical method is used to simulate the interactions of the optical waves with the silver nanorods.
The near-field distribution of a single nanorod is similar to an electrical dipole. The effects of radius variation, lengths of nanorods, gaps and spacings in the silver nanorod array are investigated. It is found that the image formed from the transmitted wave is highly dependent on the spacing and radius of nanorods. According to the relation between the localization of surface plasmon and the enhancement of near field, the optimal criteria can be obtained in constructing optical nanolithographic sturcutures.
|Appears in Collections:||物理學系|
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