|Title:||The carbonate system in the East China Sea in winter||Authors:||Chou, W.-C.
|Keywords:||CO2; East China Sea; Eutrophication||Issue Date:||2011||Journal Volume:||123||Journal Issue:||1-4||Start page/Pages:||44-55||Source:||Marine Chemistry||Abstract:||
Measurements of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), pH, total alkalinity (TA), and partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) were conducted at a total of 25 stations along four cross shelf transects in the East China Sea (ECS) in January 2008. Results showed that their distributions in the surface water corresponded well to the general circulation pattern in the ECS. Low DIC and pCO2 and high pH were found in the warm and saline Kuroshio Current water flowing northeastward along the shelf break, whereas high DIC and pCO2 and low pH were mainly observed in the cold and less saline China Coastal Current water flowing southward along the coast of Mainland China. Difference between surface water and atmospheric pCO2 (δpCO2), ranging from ~0 to -111μatm, indicated that the entire ECS shelf acted as a CO2 sink during winter with an average flux of CO2 of -13.7±5.7 (mmolCm-2day-1), and is consistent with previous studies. However, pCO2 was negatively correlated with temperature for surface waters lower than 20°C, in contrast to the positive correlation found in the 1990s. Moreover, the wintertime -pCO2 in the inner shelf near the Changjiang River estuary has appreciably decreased since the early 1990s, suggesting a decline of CO2 sequestration capacity in this region. However, the actual causes for the observed relationship between these decadal changes and the increased eutrophication over recent decades are worth further study. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
|DOI:||10.1016/j.marchem.2010.09.004||SDG/Keyword:||alkalinity; carbon dioxide; carbon sequestration; carbonate system; coastal current; dissolved inorganic carbon; eutrophication; general circulation model; partial pressure; pH; shelf break; surface water; winter; China; East China Sea; Kuroshio Current; Pacific Ocean; Yangtze Estuary
|Appears in Collections:||海洋研究所|
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