|Title:||Design and control of a reactive-distillation process for esterification of an alcohol mixture containing ethanol and n-butanol||Authors:||Wu, Y.-C.
|Keywords:||Design and control; Esterification; Ethyl acetate; N-Butyl acetate; Reactive distillation||Issue Date:||2013||Journal Volume:||57||Start page/Pages:||67-77||Source:||Computers and Chemical Engineering||Abstract:||
This paper presents an economical design flowsheet and overall control strategy for simultaneous esterifications of ethanol and n-butanol mixtures with acetic acid. In this work, a difficult-to-design reactive-distillation (RD) process, classified as mixed Type-II/Type-III system, has been studied. After comparing three alternative design flowsheets, an indirect-sequence design containing a RD column, a top decanter, and a stripper gives significantly lower total annual cost and energy consumption than the other two designs. In the control strategy development, conventional inventory control with RD bottom level controlled by manipulating RD bottom flow shows that this process would exhibit multiple steady-states. An improved inventory control strategy with a rather unusual pairing by controlling this level using reboiler duty is proposed to alleviate this complex dynamic behavior. The dynamic results show that the proposed plant-wide control strategy is capable of holding product specifications despite disturbances from throughput and feed composition changes. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
|DOI:||10.1016/j.compchemeng.2013.01.002||SDG/Keyword:||Distillation; Energy utilization; Esterification; Ethanol; Flowcharting; Inventory control; Mixtures; Complex dynamic behavior; Design and control; Ethyl acetates; Multiple steady state; N-Butyl acetate; Product specifications; Reactive distillation process; Reactive distillations; Esters
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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