|Title:||Late Quaternary vegetation and climate changes inferred from a pollen record of Dongyuan Lake in southern Taiwan||Authors:||Lee, Cheng-Yi
|Keywords:||Biomization; Climate change; Pollen; Southern Taiwan; Vegetation history||Issue Date:||2010||Start page/Pages:||58-66||Source:||Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology||Abstract:||
A pollen record sampled from a valley basin in southern Taiwan shows the environmental change-specifically vegetation and climate-that has occurred there since 22,000 cal. yr BP. In contrast to the subtropical evergreen forest found there today, temperate broadleaved and conifer mixed forest occupied the basin between 22,000 and 16,000 cal. yr BP, which suggests that climate conditions were considerably cold during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and early deglacial period. During the interval from 16,000 to 11,400 cal. yr BP, this basin was situated near an ecotone of two altitudinal vegetation zones, i.e. a temperate conifer, broadleaved mixed forest and a warm-temperate evergreen forest, which suggests the gradually warming climate conditions of the late-glacial period. The climate experienced further warming between 11,400 and 8200 cal. yr BP, as evidenced by the dominance of warm-temperate evergreen forest elements. Subsequently, the subtropical evergreen forest prevailed in the basin between 8200 and 4100 cal. yr BP, which reflects a considerably warmer mid-Holocene. In addition, tropical evergreen forest appeared in the area circa 6100 cal. yr BP, marking the Holocene Thermal Optimum (HTO). Following that, a warm-temperate evergreen forest thrived between 4100 and 2100 cal. yr BP. Finally a subtropical evergreen forest began its reemergence in the basin from 2100 cal. yr BP and continues to grow there today. From a comparison of these changes in vegetation, we propose that 1) the annual mean temperature of the LGM was at least 7 °C lower than today and 2) the HTO was at least 2 °C higher than present. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|URI:||http://ntur.lib.ntu.edu.tw//handle/246246/240618||DOI:||10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.01.015||metadata.dc.subject.other:||broad-leaved forest; climate change; ecotone; Last Glacial Maximum; mixed forest; paleoclimate; pollen; vegetation history; Taiwan; Coniferophyta
|Appears in Collections:||地質科學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.