|Title:||Hierarchically assembled microspheres consisting of nanosheets of highly exposed (001)-facets TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells||Authors:||Peng, J.-D.
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal Volume:||6||Journal Issue:||17||Start page/Pages:||14178-14191||Source:||RSC Advances||Abstract:||
In this work, the mono-dispersed TiO2 microspheres with highly exposed (001)-facets (ca. 82%), high surface area (112.2 m2 g-1), and self-ordered 3D porous network have been rapidly synthesized by an in situ facet-controlling approach without any organic templates and employed as photoanodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Owing to the stacking of 3D nanosheets of microspheres, the self-ordered internal porous network (ca. 30 nm) provides an efficient pathway for electrolyte and dye molecules penetrating into the interior part of a microsphere. Besides, the large voids among microspheres (ca. 300 nm) establish a highway for electrolyte diffusion. The formation processes of the prepared microspheres have been discussed, in which oriented self-assembly is involved. A reasonable mechanism is proposed to explain its high dye loading capacity (dye loading per gram/surface area of TiO2). Furthermore, according to the difference of normalized photocurrents of the cells with (001)-facet TiO2 and Ref-TiO2, the long wavelength region (600 to 800 nm) contributes 67.5% of the integrated photocurrent density; this result confirms its superior light scattering property. Finally, under 100 mW cm-2 light irradiation, a high photoelectric conversion efficiency of about 11.13% was achieved, as compared to that of the cell with a Ref-TiO2 film (8.11%). In light of their successful application in high-performing I3-/I--based DSSCs, it is envisaged that these TiO2 microspheres with highly exposed (001)-facets can be used as excellent semiconductor materials in mass transfer limited cobalt-based DSSCs, and also in other fields, such as photocatalysis, water splitting, and lithium ion battery. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
|DOI:||10.1039/c5ra26307g||SDG/Keyword:||Electrolytes; Light scattering; Lithium alloys; Lithium-ion batteries; Mass transfer; Microspheres; Nanosheets; Nanostructured materials; Photoelectricity; Self assembly; Semiconductor materials; Solar cells; Titanium dioxide; Formation process; High surface area; Light irradiations; Long-wavelength regions; Organic templates; Photo-electric conversion efficiency; Photocurrent density; Scattering property; Dye-sensitized solar cells
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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