|Title:||Combined effect of ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphisms on overall survival in non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with first-line pemetrexed/platinum||Authors:||WEI-YU LIAO
Tsai, Tzu Hsiu
|Issue Date:||1-Apr-2018||Source:||Lung Cancer||Abstract:||
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Objectives: Polymorphisms of DNA repair genes may affect DNA repair capacity and the sensitivity of platinum doublets chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We prospectively evaluated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ERCC1, ERCC2, XRCC1, and XRCC3 were associated with treatment outcome in advanced non-squamous NSCLC patients receiving pemetrexed/platinum as their first-line chemotherapy. Materials and methods: Genotyping of six SNPs in four DNA repair genes in 58 patients treated with first-line pemetrexed/platinum was performed using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assays. Results: The wild-type ERCC1 8092 (C/C) was significantly associated with a better objective response compared to the variant genotypes (C/A + A/A) (48% vs 10%, P =.005). In the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, we found that individuals with a wild-type genotype of ERCC1 Asn118Asn, ERCC1 C8092A and ERCC2 Asp312Asn had significantly better overall survival (OS) than those with a heterozygous or homozygous variant genotype. On the other hand, the heterozygous variant genotype of ERCC2 Lys751Gln was associated with better OS than that of the wild-type genotype. We further explored the combined effect of SNPs on OS, and found a significant allele/dose-dependent trend toward decreasing OS in patients with an increasing number of unfavorable alleles among four SNPs in ERCC1 and ERCC2. The median OS of patients with two or three unfavorable alleles (30.1 and 30.5 months, respectively) was significantly longer than that of patients with 4 unfavorable alleles (11.8 months, log-rank test for trend, P =.001). Conclusion: A combination of ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphisms may predict OS among pemetrexed/platinum treated advanced non-squamous NSCLC patients.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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