|Title:||Diffusiophoresis of a Charged Porous Particle in a Charged Cavity||Authors:||Chiu Y.C.
|Issue Date:||2018||Journal Volume:||122||Journal Issue:||42||Start page/Pages:||9803-9814||Source:||Journal of Physical Chemistry B||Abstract:||
The quasi-steady diffusiophoresis of a charged porous sphere situated at the center of a charged spherical cavity filled with a liquid solution of a symmetric electrolyte is analyzed. The porous particle can represent a solvent-permeable and ion-penetrable polyelectrolyte molecule or floc of nanoparticles in which fixed charges and frictional segments are uniformly distributed, whereas the spherical cavity can denote a charged pore involved in microfluidic or drug-delivery systems. The linearized electrokinetic differential equations governing the ionic concentration, electric potential, and fluid velocity distributions in the system are solved by using a perturbation method with the fixed charge density of the particle and the £a-potential of the cavity wall as the small perturbation parameters. An expression for the diffusiophoretic (electrophoretic and chemiphoretic) mobility of the confined particle with arbitrary values of a/b, £ea, and £fa is obtained in closed form, where a and b are the radii of the particle and cavity, respectively; £e and £f are the reciprocals of the Debye screening length and the length characterizing the extent of flow penetration into the porous particle, respectively. The presence of the charged cavity wall significantly affects the diffusiophoretic motion of the particle in typical cases. The diffusio-osmotic (electro-osmotic and chemiosmotic) flow occurring at the cavity wall can substantially alter the particle velocity and even reverse the direction of diffusiophoresis. In general, the particle velocity decreases with an increase in a/b, increases with an increase in £ea, and decreases with an increase in £fa, but exceptions exist. ? 2018 American Chemical Society.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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