|Title:||Geological controls on the gas hydrate system of Formosa Ridge, South China Sea||Authors:||Berndt, C.
|Keywords:||gas hydrate | heat flow | sedimentary systems||Issue Date:||2014||Source:||OCEANS 2014 - TAIPEI||Abstract:||
Formosa Ridge is one of many topographic ridges created by canyon incision into the eastern South China Sea margin. The northwestern termination of the ridge is caused by beheading of the ridge due to a westward shift of the canyon that originally formed to the eastern flank of Formosa Ridge. Below Formosa Ridge a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) exists. Its depth below sea floor coincides with the theoretical base of the gas hydrate stability zone and the reflection has reverse polarity suggesting that it is caused by free gas below gas hydrate accumulations. The BSR is ubiquitous but shows significant variations in depth below sea floor ranging from 150 ms TWT (or approximately 180 m) underneath the incised canyon in the north to up to 500 ms (or approximately 460 m) underneath the crest of Formosa Ridge. Predominantly this depth variation is the result of topography on subsurface temperature, but comparison with the average BSR depth underneath the surrounding canyons suggests that recent canyon incision in the north has perturbed the thermal state of the sediments. Formosa Ridge consists of a northern half that is dominated by refilled older canyons and a southern half that consists mainly of contourite deposits. However, judging by the reflection seismic data this difference in origin seems to have little effect on the distribution of gas hydrate. © 2014 IEEE.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋研究所|
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