|Title:||24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure after Adenotonsillectomy in Childhood Sleep Apnea||Authors:||Hsu, W.-C.
|Keywords:||adenoidectomy | blood pressure | child | polysomnography | sleep apnea syndromes | tonsillectomy||Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||MOSBY-ELSEVIER||Journal Volume:||199||Start page/Pages:||112||Source:||Journal of Pediatrics||Abstract:||
© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Objective: To assess the effects of adenotonsillectomy (T&A) on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Study design: From 2012 to 2017, children aged 4-16 years with symptoms and polysomnography-diagnosed OSA (apnea–hypopnea index [AHI] >1) underwent T&A. PSG studies and 24-hour ABP monitoring were performed before and at 3 months after surgery. Results: In total, 159 children were enrolled (mean age, 7.8 ± 3.3 years; 72% male). T&A significantly reduced the AHI from 12.4 ± 15.9 events/hour to 2.7 ± 5.7 events/hour (P <.001). A decrease was observed in the children's overall diastolic blood pressure (65.1 ± 6.1 mm Hg to 63.8 ± 7.4 mm Hg, P =.04) after surgery. In subgroup analysis, 100 (63%) patients were classified as nonhypertensive, and 59 (37%) were classified as hypertensive. Linear mixed model analysis revealed that compared with the children without hypertension, those with hypertension had superior improvement in systolic and diastolic blood pressure during daytime and nighttime (all P values <.01). The ABP changes after surgery were not correlated with the AHI changes. Finally, preoperative hypertension was an independent risk factor of postoperative hypertension among these children (OR 3.66; 95% CI 1.70-7.86). Conclusions: Overall, in children with OSA, the 24-hour ABP change after T&A is small. However, among children with preoperative hypertension, there is significant BP improvement after T&A surgery.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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