|Title:||Successful treatment of bronchoesophageal fistula with esophageal and bronchial stenting||Authors:||Wang, C.-Y.
|Keywords:||Bronchoesophageal fistula | Respiratory failure | Stent||Issue Date:||2011||Journal Volume:||110||Journal Issue:||4||Source:||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association||Abstract:||
Bronchoesophageal fistula is reported in 5-10% of patients with esophageal cancer. In most of these cases, the insertion of a single stent, either a tracheobronchial or an esophageal stent, is sufficient to seal off the fistula. In this case we describe a 67-year-old man with esophageal cancer and complications of bronchoesophageal fistula, which resulted in repeated pneumonia and acute respiratory failure. Initially, two expandable metallic membranous esophageal stents were placed to cover the fistula. However, the esophageal stent failed to stop the air leak and dislodged into the stomach. Thereafter, a bronchial stent was placed at the right intermediate bronchus and successfully stopped the air leak. The patient was then weaned from the ventilator 1 week after the insertion of a bronchial stent. In conclusion, stenting in both the esophagus and airways should be considered when both are severely invaded by malignancy, when the airway is compressed, or when the fistula is insufficiently sealed by an esophageal stent. © 2011 Elsevier & Formosan Medical Association.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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