|Title:||Early life exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate causes age-related declines associated with insulin/IGF-1-like signaling pathway and SKN-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans||Authors:||How, Chun Ming
Chia-Cheng Wei 魏嘉徵
|Keywords:||Age-related declines; Caenorhabditis elegans; DEHP; Insulin/IGF-1 signaling; SKN-1||Issue Date:||Aug-2019||Journal Volume:||251||Start page/Pages:||871-878||Source:||Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)||Abstract:||
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is an ubiquitous and emerging contaminant that is widely present in food, agricultural crop, and the environment, posing a potential risk to human health. This study utilized the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to decipher the toxic effects of early life exposure to DEHP on aging and its underlying mechanisms. The results showed that exposure to DEHP at 0.1 and 1.5 mg/L inhibited locomotive behaviors. In addition, DEHP exposure significantly shortened the mean lifespan of the worms and further adversely affected pharyngeal pumping rate and defecation cycle in aged worms. Moreover, DEHP exposure also further enhanced accumulation of age-related biomarkers including lipofuscin, lipid peroxidation, and intracellular reactive oxygen species in aged worms. In addition, exposure to DEHP significantly suppressed gene expression of hsp-16.1, hsp-16.49, and hsp-70 in aged worms. Further evidences showed that mutation of genes involved in insulin/IGF-1-like signaling (IIS) pathway (daf-2, age-1, pdk-1, akt-1, akt-2, and daf-16) restored lipid peroxidation accumulation upon DEHP exposure in aged worms, whereas skn-1 mutation resulted in enhanced lipid peroxidation accumulation. Therefore, IIS and SKN-1 may serve as an important molecular basis for DEHP-induced age-related declines in C. elegans. Since IIS and SKN-1 are highly conserved among species, the age-related declines caused by DEHP exposure may not be exclusive in C. elegans, leading to adverse human health consequences due to widespread and persistent DEHP contamination in the environment.
|Appears in Collections:||食品安全與健康研究所|
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