|Title:||Broadband energy harvesting through a piezoelectric beam subjected to dynamic compressive loading||Authors:||Zhu, Y
|Issue Date:||2013||Publisher:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD||Journal Volume:||22||Journal Issue:||4||Source:||Smart Materials and Structures||Abstract:||
This paper investigates the design and analysis of a broadband piezoelectric energy harvester that uses a simply supported piezoelectric beam compressed by dynamic loading. The beam is restrained at one end and carries a moving mass at the other end where a magnetic force is applied axially. Taking advantage of the flexibility of the slender beam and the nonlinearity of the magnetic force, the design aims to enhance the harvester's functionality with a broad frequency bandwidth. Both theoretical and experimental investigations are performed in this study over a range of excitation frequencies. Specifically, the electromechanical model of the harvester is analytically developed by means of the energy-based method and the extended Hamilton's principle. Using the derived model, a parametric study is carried out to obtain the harvester's voltage response under parametric excitations. Furthermore, the effects of various parameters on the harvester's voltage response are examined. A prototype harvester is fabricated and experimentally tested. The theoretical model is validated against experimental data to confirm the harvester's nonlinear response behaviors and enhanced capabilities. Both simulation and experiment illustrate that the harvester exhibits a softening nonlinearity and hence a broad frequency bandwidth with large-amplitude voltage response. It is also shown from numerical simulations that the harvester's performance can be further improved by properly selecting the end mass and reducing the mechanical damping. The present findings demonstrate that dynamic compressive loadings can be successfully utilized to increase the harvester's voltage output and frequency bandwidth. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
|Appears in Collections:||機械工程學系|
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