|Title:||Robotic Transmitral Approach for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy With Systolic Anterior Motion||Authors:||NAI-KUAN CHOU
|Keywords:||Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Mitral valve regurgitation; Robotic surgery||Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOC||Journal Volume:||82||Journal Issue:||11||Start page/Pages:||2761||Source:||Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society||Abstract:||
Surgical intervention is indicated in symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with a ventricular outflow pressure gradient more than 50 mmHg. The transmitral approach, along with the transapical and transaortic approaches, is routinely used for myectomy, but all are open procedures. We describe a robotic transmitral approach that can be used to resolve septal hypertrophied muscle and eliminate mitral regurgitation (MR) using 1 cardiac incision. Methods and Results: We retrospectively analyzed 20 adult patients with obstructive HCM who exhibited concomitant severe MR and systolic anterior motion (SAM). The 2 groups comprised 12 standard full-sternotomy transaortic and 8 robotic transmitral approaches. The pre-intraventricular pressure gradient was 69±14.2 mmHg in the robotic transmitral group and 70.2±17.4 mmHg in the transaortic group (P=0.876). Both groups had a similar left ventricular ejection fraction (65±8% vs. 72±9%, P=0.901) and maximal ventricular wall thickness (22.3±4.5 and 21.7±6.0, P=0.835). Postoperative MR was reduced to less than grade II in all patients. In the robotic group, the postoperative pressure gradient was 1.5±2.6 mmHg, which was lower than that of the transaortic group at 10.6±10.8 mmHg (P=0.019). The cross-clamp time was 95.3±7.7 min in the robotic group and 104.7±20.8 min in the transaortic group (P=0.193). The operation time was 237.5±22.4 and 309.6±28.5 min (P<0.01) in the robotic transmitral and transaortic groups, respectively.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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