|Title:||Soft tissue artefacts of skin markers on the lower limb during cycling: Effects of joint angles and pedal resistance||Authors:||Li, J.-D.
|Keywords:||Cycling; Joint angles; Knee; Soft tissue artefacts; Variability||Issue Date:||2017||Journal Volume:||62||Start page/Pages:||27-38||Source:||Journal of Biomechanics||Abstract:||
Soft tissue artefacts (STA) are a major error source in skin marker-based measurement of human movement, and are difficult to eliminate non-invasively. The current study quantified in vivo the STA of skin markers on the thigh and shank during cycling, and studied the effects of knee angles and pedal resistance by using integrated 3D fluoroscopy and stereophotogrammetry. Fifteen young healthy adults performed stationary cycling with and without pedal resistance, while the marker data were measured using a motion capture system, and the motions of the femur and tibia/fibula were recorded using a bi-plane fluoroscopy-to-CT registration method. The STAs with respect to crank and knee angles over the pedaling cycle, as well as the within-cycle variations, were obtained and compared between resistance conditions. The thigh markers showed greater STA than the shank ones, the latter varying linearly with adjacent joint angles, the former non-linearly with greater within-cycle variability. Both STA magnitudes and within-cycle variability were significantly affected by pedal resistance (p < 0.05). The STAs appeared to be composed of one component providing the stable and consistent STA patterns and another causing their variations. Mid-segment markers experienced smaller STA ranges than those closer to a joint, but tended to have greater variations primarily associated with pedal resistance and muscle contractions. The current data will be helpful for a better choice of marker positions for data collection, and for developing methods to compensate for both stable and variation components of the STA. ? 2017 Elsevier Ltd
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/464445||DOI:||10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.03.018||metadata.dc.subject.other:||Bone; Fluorescent screens; Tissue; Cycling; Joint angle; Knee; Soft tissue artefacts; Variability; Joints (anatomy); adult; analytical parameters; Article; cycling; femur; fibula; fluoroscopy; human; human experiment; in vivo study; joint angle; lower limb; male; muscle contraction; normal human; pedal resistance; priority journal; soft tissue artefact; stereophotogrammetry; thigh; three dimensional imaging; tibia; young adult; artifact; biomechanics; cycling; diagnostic imaging; lower limb; motion; photogrammetry; physiology; procedures; skin; Adult; Artifacts; Bicycling; Biomechanical Phenomena; Femur; Fibula; Fluoroscopy; Humans; Lower Extremity; Male; Motion; Photogrammetry; Skin; Tibia; Young Adult
|Appears in Collections:||醫學工程學研究所|
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