|Title:||Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides attenuate endotoxin-induced intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in cultured smooth muscle cells and in the neointima in mice||Authors:||Lin C.-Y.
|Issue Date:||2010||Journal Volume:||58||Journal Issue:||17||Start page/Pages:||9563-9571||Source:||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry||Abstract:||
The expression of adhesion molecules on vessels and subsequent leukocyte recruitment are critical events in vascular diseases and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of an extract of Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi) polysaccharides (EORP), which is effective against cancer and immunological disorders, on adhesion molecule expression by human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and the underlying mechanism. EORP significantly suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mRNA and protein expression and reduced the binding of human monocytes to LPS-stimulated HASMCs. Immunoprecipitation and real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that EORP markedly reduced the interaction of human antigen R protein (HuR) with the 3′-UTR of ICAM-1 mRNA in LPS-stimulated HASMCs. EORP treatment also suppressed extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation and reduced the density of the shifted bands of nuclear factor (NF)-κB after LPS-induced activation. In an endothelial-denuded artery model in LPS-treated mice, daily oral administration of EORP for 2 weeks decreased neointimal hyperplasia and ICAM-1 expression in the plasma and neointima. These results provide evidence that EORP attenuates LPS-induced adhesion molecule expression and monocyte adherence and that this protective effect is mediated by decreased ERK phosphorylation and NF-κB activation. These findings suggest that EORP has anti-inflammatory properties and could prove useful in the prevention of vascular diseases and inflammatory responses. ? 2010 American Chemical Society.
|ISSN:||0021-8561||DOI:||10.1021/jf100508j||metadata.dc.subject.other:||Adhesion molecules; Ganoderma Lucidum; MAPKs; smooth muscle cells; Vascular disease; Adhesion; Biomolecules; Body fluids; Cell adhesion; Cells; Molecules; Nucleic acids; Phosphorylation; Polymerase chain reaction; Polysaccharides; Muscle; endotoxin; intercellular adhesion molecule 1; polysaccharide; animal; article; cell culture; chemistry; cytology; drug effect; Ganoderma lucidum; genetics; intima; metabolism; mouse; smooth muscle; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Endotoxins; Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; Mice; Muscle, Smooth; Polysaccharides; Reishi; Tunica Intima; Ganoderma lucidum; Mus
|Appears in Collections:||解剖學暨細胞生物學科所|
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