A Contradiction between A Firsthand Observer’s Recommendations and Policy Making: George Kerr’s view of the 2.28 Incident as contrasted with that of the United States Governmen
Sitzer, Abram Glenn
|關鍵字:||葛超智;二二八事件後;台灣;George Kerr;February 28 Incident;Taiwan||公開日期:||2007||摘要:||葛超智參與臺灣事務近三十年；在臺灣期間，他有民間及官方立場的獨特經驗，並因提倡臺灣獨立而聞名。當葛超智為國防部、海軍、國務院工作時，他首先目睹了臺灣歷史裡動盪的十年。毫無疑問的，他被臺灣政權從日本移轉到國民黨期間內所發生的一連串事件深深地撼動。
George Kerr was involved in Formosan affairs for nearly thirty years, and is a renowned advocate of Formosan independence. He had the unique opportunity of serving both civilian and commissioned roles while stationed in Taiwan. When working for the War Department, the Navy, and the Department of State, Kerr witnessed a tumultuous decade of Taiwanese history firsthand. Undoubtedly, Kerr was deeply touched by the sequence of events surrounding the transfer of Formosan sovereignty from the hands of the Japanese to those of the Chinese. Kerr’s opinion of the Chinese Nationalists is far from unknown: this is an exploration of how this opinion changed during the time he spent in Taiwan, especially after personally witnessing many events. After the February Incident, Kerr became more adamant about his recommendation for Formosan independence- now that atrocities he foresaw were truly coming to pass. Kerr proposed that Formosa be granted trusteeship- as a trust territory of the United States. This ‘imperialist’ view was unpopular in Washington and, after it fell on deaf ears, Kerr became increasingly frustrated with the US Government view and Washington politics. He left an administration that had failed to heed his warnings as many innocent Taiwanese lost their lives and their liberty. Kerr felt continued frustration of the US political and financial support of the Nationalist party and Chiang Kai-shek, which eventually led to his resignation and his entrance into academia. Using Kerr’s published works as well as recently declassified notes, documents, memoranda and correspondence from the Taipei 2.28 Memorial Museum and declassified U.S. State Department Central Files, this paper will examine Kerr’s observations and reactions to the 2.28 incident and his proposals to the U.S. government, contrasted with the position and actions of the U.S. government during the time surrounding the incident, and lastly why the U.S. failed to accept his suggestions.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。