|Title:||Altered muscle activation characteristics associated with single volitional forward stepping in middle-aged adults||Authors:||Chu Y.-H.
|Issue Date:||2009||Journal Volume:||24||Journal Issue:||9||Start page/Pages:||735-743||Source:||Clinical Biomechanics||Abstract:||
Background: Middle-aged adults show a higher incidence of falls compared to young adults when performing outdoor physical activities. This study investigated whether or not the patterns and quantitative characteristics of the trunk and lower extremity muscle activations associated with stepping, which represents an important movement for arresting falls, differ between middle-aged adults and young adults. Methods: Nine healthy young adults (age = 22 years) and nine healthy middle-aged adults (age = 52 years), performed a single-step, volitional, fast forward stepping movement with each leg. The stepping movement was divided into the step-initiation, single-leg-support, and landing phases based on foot-switch signals. The activation sequence, occurrence rate, onset latency, burst duration, and normalized co-contraction duration of the tibialis anterior, medial gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and gluteus medius of the stance and swing legs and that of bilateral erector spinae muscles were analyzed using surface electromyography. We defined the essential muscle activation as exhibiting an occurrence rate of 90% or more in all of these trials. Findings: As compared to young adults, the middle-aged adults demonstrated several additional essential bursts throughout the stepping movement. Middle-aged adults also displayed significantly longer burst durations of the biceps femoris and medial gastrocnemius of the swing leg after landing, as well as longer co-contraction of the rectus femoris and biceps femoris of the stance leg in the single-leg-support phase (P < 0.05). Interpretation: Age-related changes in step-related neuromuscular control exist in healthy middle-aged adults. We propose that training focused on improving or maintaining neuromuscular control associated with volitional leg movements may benefit middle-aged individuals. ? 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|ISSN:||0268-0033||DOI:||10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.06.012||SDG/Keyword:||EMG; Initiation; Middle-aged; Stepping; Termination; Chemical activation; Landing; Shrinkage; Muscle; adult; article; cognition; controlled study; electromyography; female; gastrocnemius muscle; ground reaction force; human; human experiment; leg; male; middle aged; muscle characteristics and functions; muscle contraction; normal human; priority journal; rectus femoris muscle; standing; tibialis anterior muscle; trunk; velocity; walking; Adaptation, Physiological; Adult; Aging; Female; Gait; Humans; Leg; Male; Middle Aged; Muscle Contraction; Muscle, Skeletal; Volition; Walking; Young Adult
|Appears in Collections:||物理治療學系所|
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