|Title:||Predictors for vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium transforming from colonization to infection: A case control study||Authors:||Chen, Pao Yu
|Keywords:||Active surveillance | Clonal complex 17 | Multilocus sequence typing | Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis | Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci||Issue Date:||2-Dec-2019||Publisher:||BMC||Journal Volume:||8||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control||Abstract:||
© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Little is known about risk factors for subsequent infections among vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) colonizers, especially characterized by concordant pulsotypes (CP) of paired colonization and infection-related isolates. Methods: This case-control study was conducted at a teaching hospital between 2011 and 2014. Targeted patients received active surveillance culture for VREfm by anal swabs at admission. Cases were those who developed VREfm infection within 180 days after colonization of VREfm. Controls were those colonized with VREfm without subsequent VREfm infection. CP were defined by similarities ≥86.7% using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis between paired colonization and infection-related isolates. Results: Ninety-seven cases and 194 controls were enrolled. By conditional multivariable logistic regression analysis, the risk factors for subsequent infection among VREfm colonizers were intensive care unit (ICU) admission (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 9.32; 95% CI, 3.61-24.02), receipt of central venous catheters (CVC) (aOR, 3.38; 95% CI, 1.30-8.82), and utilization of third- A nd fourth-generation cephalosporins (aOR, 4.06; 95% CI, 1.79-9.20, and aOR, 5.32; 95% CI, 1.85-10.29, respectively) (all P ≤ 0.01). Fifty-six (57.7%) of case patients belonged to the CP group, which were associated with ICU admission (aOR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.38-10.13), and infection developing within 30 days after colonization (aOR, 3.34; 95% CI, 1.25-8.91). Conclusions: Among VREfm colonizers, being admitted to ICU and receiving CVC or broad spectrum cephalosporins, were the risk factors for subsequent infections. These findings highlight the importance of conducting more strict infection control measures on specific groups of VREfm colonizers.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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