|Title:||Acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors is mediated by the reactivation of STC2/JUN/AXL signaling in lung cancer||Authors:||Liu Y.-N.
|Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||Wiley-Liss Inc.||Journal Volume:||145||Journal Issue:||6||Start page/Pages:||1609-1624||Source:||International Journal of Cancer||Abstract:||
Constitutive activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway is implicated in the initiation and progression of lung cancer. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-targeted therapy has become the standard treatment for nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, acquired resistance to these agents remains a major obstacle for managing NSCLC. Here, we investigated a novel strategy to overcome EGFR TKI resistance by targeting the stanniocalcin 2 (STC2)-JUN-AXL pathway. We revealed that STC2 was expressed at significantly higher levels in EGFR TKI-resistant cells. Further, clinical analysis showed that STC2 expression was increased after the development of EGFR TKI resistance and that higher levels were correlated with shorter progression-free survival in EGFR TKI-treated lung cancer patients. Moreover, STC2 overexpression in EGFR TKI-sensitive cells resulted in EGFR TKI resistance. Conversely, genetic silencing of STC2 rendered EGFR TKI-resistant cells more sensitive to EGFR TKIs. Mechanically, STC2 enhanced AXL promoter activity by increasing the phosphorylation of c-Jun, which is an indispensable transcription factor that transactivates AXL. STC2 promoted activation of the JUN-AXL-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling axis in lung cancer cells. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of AXL-ERK activity inhibited STC2-mediated EGFR TKI resistance. We also demonstrated that PE2988 cells, a C797S-independent osimertinib-resistant primary cancer cell line from a lung cancer patient, responded to combined AXL inhibitor and osimertinib treatment. In conclusion, our research indicates that STC2 overexpression is important for acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs and that STC2-JUN-AXL-ERK signaling might be a potential therapeutic target to overcome resistance to EGFR TKIs. ? 2019 UICC
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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