|Title:||Acute Posttraumatic Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis-Induced Malignant Increased Intracranial Pressure Treated with Endovascular Dural Sinus Thrombectomy and Stenting||Authors:||KUO-WEI CHEN
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal Volume:||128||Start page/Pages:||393-397||Source:||World Neurosurgery||Abstract:||
Background: Posttraumatic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a major complication after head injury. Impaired venous outflow caused by CVST leads to increased intracranial pressure (IICP) refractory to medications and surgical decompression and often results in devastating consequences. Currently, there is no consensus on the treatment strategy. Case Description: Here we report a case of posttraumatic CVST in a young male motorcyclist involved in a high-speed traffic accident. On admission, the patient immediately underwent decompressive hemicraniectomy. However, refractory malignant IICP developed within 24 hours after the operation. Computed tomography venography revealed compression of the right sigmoid sinus by the fractured temporal bone and extensive thrombosis toward the jugular bulb. Dural sinus thrombectomy and stenting were performed accordingly. After the procedure, IICP was alleviated immediately and the sedatives and medications were tapered off within days. The patient gradually recovered from deep comatose status and underwent cranioplasty 5 weeks later. Finally, the patient was discharged with only mild left wrist weakness. Conclusions: Acute cerebral sinus thrombosis caused by trauma may result in malignant IICP refractory to medications and surgical decompression. We have demonstrated that endovascular angioplasty and sinus stenting are effective in restoring venous outflow and reducing intracranial pressure. We have also demonstrated that appropriate and timely interventions are important to ensure quick and good recovery in patients with CVST. ? 2019 Elsevier Inc.
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/516182||ISSN:||1878-8750||DOI:||10.1016/j.wneu.2019.05.105||metadata.dc.subject.other:||acetylsalicylic acid; mannitol; sodium chloride; adult; arm weakness; Article; brain contusion; case report; cerebral sinus thrombosis; clinical article; computer assisted tomography; consciousness; cranial sinus; cranioplasty; decompressive craniectomy; emergency ward; epidural hematoma; follow up; hospital admission; human; intensive care unit; internal jugular vein; intracranial hypertension; male; motorcyclist; mydriasis; phlebography; posttraumatic complication; pressure gradient; sigmoid sinus; skull fracture; subdural hematoma; temporal bone; thrombectomy; traffic accident; wrist; young adult; brain hemorrhage; brain vein; cerebral sinus thrombosis; complication; diagnostic imaging; dura mater; endovascular surgery; epidural hematoma; injury; intracranial hypertension; procedures; stent; thrombectomy; x-ray computed tomography; Accidents, Traffic; Cerebral Veins; Decompressive Craniectomy; Dura Mater; Endovascular Procedures; Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial; Humans; Intracranial Hemorrhages; Intracranial Hypertension; Male; Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial; Skull Fractures; Stents; Thrombectomy; Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Young Adult
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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