|dc.creator||Wu, W.-K.;Hsu, C.-C.;Sheen, L.-Y.;Wu, M.-S.||-|
|dc.description.abstract||The human gut microbiota is a functioning endocrine organ and stands at the intersection between dietary components and health or disease. There are very many microbial metabolites with numerous structures and functions arising from the gut microbial fermentation of foods and become signals for biological communication in the human body. These small molecules can be absorbed and delivered to distant organs through the circulatory system to build the gut–systemic axis. The gut microbial metabolomes are thus believed to play important roles in regulating cardiometabolic health and provide opportunities in mechanistic research and new drug discovery. Measurement of these novel microbial metabolites in clinical samples may serve as a tool for investigating disease biomarkers. In the past decade, the development of untargeted and targeted metabolomics approaches using NMR, LC/MS, and GC/MS has contributed to the exploration of gut microbial metabolomes in cardiometabolic health and disease. Some important targets are currently being translated into clinical applications. In this review article, we introduce an oral carnitine challenge test developed as an example to demonstrate the potential applications in personalized nutrition based on the function of gut microbiota. It is a method taking the gut microbiota as a bioreactor and provides fermentable materials as inputs and measures the outputs of targeted microbial byproducts in the blood or urine. This challenge test may be extended to measure metabolites from microbial fermentation related to other endocrinological or inflammatory diseases. We review current gut metabolome research approaches and propose a gut microbial functional measurement using a challenge test. We suggest that the maturation in measuring gut microbial metabolites may provide an important piece to complete the puzzle of precision medicine. ? 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.||-|
|dc.relation.ispartof||Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry||-|
|dc.subject.other||animal; bacterium; cardiovascular disease; fermentation; human; intestine flora; mass spectrometry; metabolism; metabolome; metabolomics; microbiology; procedures; translational research; Animals; Bacteria; Cardiovascular Diseases; Fermentation; Gastrointestinal Microbiome; Humans; Mass Spectrometry; Metabolome; Metabolomics; Translational Medical Research||-|
|dc.title||Measurement of gut microbial metabolites in cardiometabolic health and translational research||en_US|
|crisitem.author.parentorg||College of Science||-|
|Appears in Collections:||化學系|
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