|Title:||Association of lipid profiles with hepatitis C viral load in chronic hepatitis C patients with genotype 1 or 2 infection||Authors:||Hsu C.-S.
|Issue Date:||2009||Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group||Journal Volume:||104||Journal Issue:||3||Start page/Pages:||598-604||Source:||American Journal of Gastroenterology||Abstract:||
OBJECTIVES: Metabolic profiles correlate with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and are known to be predictors of virologic responses in chronic hepatitis C patients on interferon-based treatment. However, little is known about the differential association of lipid profiles with hepatitis C viral load between genotype 1 and 2 infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of lipid profiles on HCV RNA levels in patients with genotypes 1 and 2. METHODS: A total of 531 chronic hepatitis C patients infected patients with HCV genotype 1 or 2 were consecutively enrolled. Univariate and multivariate approaches were used to estimate the associations between demographic, metabolic, and viral variables and HCV RNA levels. RESULTS: Higher serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein levels correlated with higher HCV RNA levels. In multivariate analysis, genotype 1 infection, severe hepatitis activity, milder hepatic fibrosis, higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index and triglyceride levels are associated with higher HCV viral loads (P<0.05). Subanalysis on patients with lower body mass index values showed higher HCV viral load was associated with higher HOMA-IR index and total cholesterol level (P<0.05). After stratification by HCV genotype, lipid profiles were significantly associated with HCV viral load in genotype 2 infection (P<0.05), but not genotype 1 infection. CONCLUSIONS: A proportional relationship is found between serum lipid profiles and hepatitis C viral load in patients with genotype 2 infection; however, whether manipulation of lipid profiles would improve the response to current anti-HCV therapy is to be determined in further studies. ? 2009 by the American College of Gastroenterology.
|ISSN:||0002-9270||DOI:||10.1038/ajg.2008.125||metadata.dc.subject.other:||cholesterol; lipid; low density lipoprotein; RNA; triacylglycerol; adult; article; body mass; cholesterol blood level; controlled study; disease severity; female; genotype; hepatitis C; Hepatitis C virus; homeostasis; human; human tissue; liver biopsy; liver fibrosis; major clinical study; male; priority journal; stratification; Taiwan; triacylglycerol blood level; virus load
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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