|Title:||Stratigraphic framework and sediment wave fields associated with canyon-levee systems in the Huatung Basin offshore Taiwan Orogen||Authors:||Hsu H.-H
|Keywords:||Buildings; Complex networks; Deposition; Embankments; Levees; Offshore oil well production; Seismology; Stratigraphy; Submarines; Arc-continent collision; Mass transport deposit; Morphological features; Seafloor morphologies; Sediment gravity flow; Sediment-wave development; Stratigraphic framework; Stratigraphic sequences; Sediments; gravity flow; lithostratigraphy; mass transport; mountain region; orogenic belt; seafloor mapping; sediment analysis; sediment thickness; sediment wave; seismic data; submarine canyon; synsedimentary tectonics; Arc Basin; Bouches du Rhone; France; Luzon; Philippines; Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur; Taiwan||Issue Date:||2021||Journal Volume:||433||Source:||Marine Geology||Abstract:||
Newly compiled bathymetry, sub-bottom profiling and seismic data are used to illustrate seafloor morphology, submarine canyon networks and stratigraphic framework in Huatung Basin (HB) and an adjacent sub-basin, named as East Luzon Arc Basin offshore east Taiwan. Based on seismic facies characteristics and isopach maps, three major stratigraphic sequences are recognized and we suggest that they could be resulted from pre- and syn-Taiwan arc-continent collision. Based on the sediment thickness and sedimentation rates, ages of the HB strata could be estimated. Pelagic sediments formed the lower HB sequence which follows the HB basement reliefs since 50–102 Ma. Then, the initiation of Taiwan orogen and Luzon Arc volcanic activities changed the deposition pattern after 5 Ma, and mass transport deposits developed in middle HB sequence. After rapid uplift of the Taiwan mountain belt since about 1.5 Ma, complex canyon-levee systems and thick strata formed the upper sequence in the northern HB. In contrast, sediment thickness is thin and no submarine canyon developed in southern HB. The seafloor in South Huatung Basin is flat, except in its eastern part where couple basement ridges appeared. In North Huatung Basin, canyon-levee complex and sediment waves are the most distinct morphological features in the drainages of two submarine canyons. We propose a three-stage process for sediment wave development: (1) sediment gravity flow can initiate a base of sediment wave; (2) wavy geometry begins to develop; (3) sediment waves continuously aggrade due to overbank sediments in the canyon-levee system. This study presents the evolution of sedimentary processes in a deep-sea basin and how the deposition patterns were affected by the convergent tectonics. ? 2020
|Appears in Collections:||海洋中心|
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