|Title:||Seismic analysis of the gas hydrate system at Pointer Ridge offshore SW Taiwan||Authors:||Han W.-C
|Keywords:||Chimneys; Deposition; Erosion; Fault slips; Flow of fluids; Gases; Geophysical prospecting; Hydration; Neural networks; Offshore oil well production; Seepage; Seismic response; Seismic waves; 3D seismic; Bottom simulating reflection; Gas hydrate reservoir; Gas hydrate stability zones; Seismic attribute analysis; Seismic attributes; Seismic interpretation; Taiwan; Gas hydrates; artificial neural network; continental slope; gas hydrate; hydrocarbon reservoir; seepage; seismic data; seismic reflection; seismicity; three-dimensional modeling; Pacific Ocean; South China Sea; Taiwan||Issue Date:||2019||Journal Volume:||105||Start page/Pages:||158-167||Source:||Marine and Petroleum Geology||Abstract:||
Pointer Ridge is a gas hydrate prospect on the South China Sea continental slope offshore SW Taiwan. It is characterized by densely distributed bottom simulating reflections (BSRs), active gas seepage, and potential sandy gas hydrate reservoirs. To understand how the fluids have migrated toward the seafloor, and the role of geological processes in the gas hydrate system, we have collected and analyzed high-quality 2D and 3D reflection seismic data. We first mapped the spatial distribution of the BSRs, and interpreted a major normal fault, Pointer Ridge Fault (PR Fault). The NE-SW trending fault dips to the east, and separates the erosional regime to the west from the depositional regime to the east. One active vent site was identified directly above the PR Fault, while another is located on a topographic high to the west of the fault. On the hanging block of the fault we found at least one major unconformity. The seismic data indicate refilled channels with coarser-grained sediments in the hanging wall of the normal fault. Seismic attribute analysis shows subsurface fluid conduits and potential gas hydrate reservoirs. We propose two types of gas chimneys, which are separated by the fault. Gas plumes derived from hydroacoustic data are mostly from the footwall block of the fault. We infer that fluid flow is more active in the erosional environment compared to the depositional one, and that this is the result of reduced overburden. The methane-bearing fluids migrate upward along the PR Fault and chimneys and form hydrates above the base of the gas hydrate stability zone. Based on seismic interpretation and seismic attribute analysis, we postulate that the channel infill constitutes the most promising hydrate reservoirs in this geological setting. In the surveyed area of Pointer Ridge these channels occur mainly below the gas hydrate stability zone. ? 2019
|Appears in Collections:||海洋中心|
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