The Contemporary Farmers in Taiwan
|關鍵字:||青年農民;新農;農業問題;農村生活;agriculture problem;rural life;new farmer;young farmer||公開日期:||2016||摘要:||近年青年農民下鄉頗受政府及媒體關注，相關報導多為青年為農業帶來新氣象的成功案例。然而青年務農並非如此簡單順利，本深度報導藉由訪談台灣各地青年農民，將「務農」拉回現實面，呈現青年在從農過程中遇到的問題與挑戰，以及其因應方式。 在眾多問題中，本報導聚焦在一般務農青年較共感、並且衝擊較大的議題上：首章以報導與現實的落差，呈現農人需要的不是頌揚或憐憫，而是平實地被理解他們所選擇的生活。次兩章以「收成」為時間點，指出收成前種種不確定風險，以及收成後的銷售壓力，並討論農人合作的困難與其必要性。接著則寫出回鄉的農二代及外來青農必需面對的磨合問題，將焦點由青農本人放大到與家庭、農村的人際相處。 本報導同時也關注以漢人男性為主的農業現場外的不同聲音，以原住民青農的歸農歷程以及女性青農的案例，說明他們如何在傳統農村社會中，爭取自己想要的生活及認同。最後則檢視結構性因素對青農的影響，並藉由最末章的案例說明，新一代的青農不再只是獨善其身，而著眼於大環境的改變，並且在他們的每日生活中，為農業與農村創造更多可能。
Young Farmers in Taiwan get much attention of the government and media in recent years. Most reports focus on the successful cases, however, the true is that farming is not easy and smoothly as expected. Based on interviewing young farmers around Taiwan, this in-depth report reveals the problems and challenges in their real life, and also the way they dealt with it. Among various challenges, this report focuses on those common young farmers have encountered and been affected. The first chapter indicates that farmers do not need people''s praise or sympathy, but understanding who they are and how they live. The following two chapters concern on the uncertainties before the harvest and the pressure of the contemporary farmers to sell the product by themselves after that. The cases in the third chapter also show difficulties and necessities of contemporary farmer’s cooperation. The next two chapters enlarge the scope from the young farmers themselves to their relationships with families and neighbors, talking about the run-in period respectively of the second-generation farmers and the outsider farmers. This report also concerns different voices beside Taiwanese male farmers. With the cases of the aboriginal farmers going back to the land and the female young farmers capably in charge of the farm, the report explains how they fight for the identification and the life they want in the traditional rural community. At last, the report exams influence of the structural factors on the young farmers, argues that contemporary farmers not just strive for a better life for themselves, but also improve the farming environment and create more possibilities for agriculture and the rural area in their daily practices.
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