The Effect of Dithiothreitol on Denaturation and Renaturation Procedure of Lysozyme
|關鍵字:||溶菌酶;二硫代蘇糖醇;雙硫鍵;變性;復性;大小排阻層析法;lysozyme;dithiothreitol(DTT);disulfide bonds;denaturation;renaturation;size-exclusion chromatography(SEC)||公開日期:||2007||摘要:||本研究所探討之重點在於觀察變性(denaturation)程序中，母雞蛋白溶菌酶(Hen Egg White Lysozyme，HEWL)結構的變化，並針對變性劑中重要的還原劑成份，二硫代蘇糖醇(DTT)之氧化情形做定量分析，進而探討其對變性程序之影響。實驗方法主要是利用大小排阻層析法(Size Exclusion Chromatography，SEC)來分析溶菌酶在不同變性時間下結構大小的變化，同時收集波峰分液進行生物活性測定以及半胱胺酸(cysteine)濃度測定，藉以了解溶菌酶活性區域以及雙硫鍵之破壞程度，並針對在不同變性條件下之變性溶菌酶，進行直接稀釋法復性以觀察其結構差異與DTT殘留對於復性產率之影響。
Observation of the conformational change of hen egg-white lysozyme during the denaturation procedure and quantitative analysis of oxidative kinetics of dithiothreitol (DTT) and refold lysozyme under different denaturation conditions via direct dilution method were investigated in this research. By size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), we were able to compare the apparent sizes of denatured lysozyme at different denaturation times with that of the native conformer. Furthermore, the measurements of activity and cysteine concentration also helped us to monitor the disruptions of active region and disulfide linkages of lysozyme during the course of denaturation and renaturation processes. As shown in our results, the reaction of DTT oxidation at 25℃ and pH 8.2 followed the first order kinetics with a rate constant of 0.0994 day-1. In addition, we found that the rate of DTT oxidation was controlled by the diffusion rate of oxygen. That is, the magnitude of the rate constant of DTT oxidation was determined by the diffusion condition which is affected by the geometry of reaction vessel in use (e.g.: the height and cross-sectional area of tube) and the concentration of oxygen. In the denaturation procedure, we found that, with insufficient DTT, the presence of urea would shift the peak of denatured lysozyme to the right (larger retention time), which means a more compact lysozyme conformer was formed resulted from the presence of urea after the complete depletion of DTT. According to our experimental results along with others found in the literature, we suggested that the first and the last reduced disulfide bond of lysozyme during the denaturation procedure were Cys76-Cys94 and Cys30-Cys115, respectively. Moreover, it appeared that the less the numbers of disulfide bond being reduced, the better the activity recovered in the renaturation procedure. Our results showed that the activity recovery of lysozyme would be obviously suppressed when the concentration of DTT carried over from the denaturing buffer to renaturation solution was higher than 0.8mM.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。