The Origins of Liu Zhiji's Historiographic Criticism and Historical Thought
|Keywords:||劉知幾;史通;實錄;疑古;惑經;史學思想;史體;義例;名教;Liu Zhiji;Shitong;historiographic criticism;historical thought;Confucianism||Issue Date:||Jun-2003||Source:||臺大歷史學報||Start page/Pages:||077-122||Abstract:||
Liu Zhiji (661-721) wrote the first work on Chinese historiography, Shitong. With a new idea of the merits of various forms of historical writing, Liu had confidence in dealing with the origin and development of historiography. He criticized Shangshu, Chunqiu and other Confucian classics for the records in them were not as truthful and complete as were those in the recent historical works. He also strongly challenged rule of concealing the parent's or emperor's errors as secrets depended on the teachings of Zhougong and Confucius. Although he doubted the ancient records, classics and sages, his purpose was to uphold justice and morals of the world. The main principles of human relationships he advocated all came from Confucianism. His historical thought was based essentially on the traditional knowledge of classical learning and on norms of politics in medieval period. He was primarily a Confucian scholar and humanist historian, rather than a scientific historian.
|Appears in Collections:||歷史學系|
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