Mori gai’s criticism on the Japanese bureaucracy : Based on his social status and social background
|關鍵字:||森鷗外;官僚批判軍醫;大逆事件;帝室博物館總長兼圖書頭;Mori ?gai;bureaucracy;army surgeon;High Treason Incident;President of Imperial Museum||公開日期:||2011||摘要:||本論文主要在探討日本文豪森鷗外的官僚批判意識，以身分的不同以及作家當時所處的時代與社會背景為中心來進行考究。
This research focuses on the Japanese writer Mori Ōgai’s criticism on the Japanese bureaucracy. This paper examines his diverse identities, such as an army surgeon, an Imperial Museum president and a writer. At first, we expound the motivation behind this research, studying situation, context and approaching methods. This paper divided into four parts. The first chapter will be discussing his criticism on the organizations and policies related to army surgeons. Furthermore, it mentions the mental variations related to his superiors, colleagues and subordinates working together before, during and after going aboard to Germany. In the second chapter, we discuss Ōgai’s points of view as a writer, from the time he got relegated to Kokura to the time of High Treason Incident. For example, the controversy over the establishment of the Art and Literature Academy(文芸院) and his disappointment on the government’s censorship upon the freedom of speech. Chapter 3 is continuation of chapter 2. It inducts his psychological transformation, from disappointment, dispassion to resign, the thought of victim, and his attitude for pursuing released through his works written before and after the High Treason Incident. In the final chapter, illustrate Ōgai’s disapproval of the Japanese bureaucracy when he was the President of Imperial Museum（帝室博物館総長）, this includes the problem of retirement and his self–reflection through his works, and his third testament is analyzed at the end. In conclusion, the object of the criticism and the standpoint and the psychology behind the bureaucrat criticism alters depend on his various identities and social background at the time. As an army surgeon, the object of the criticism will be on agencies, policies, and the people’s mental variations which were related to army surgeons. On the other hand, we could deciphered the army surgeon’s responsibility of Ōgai is shouldered. Due to the complexity in the bureaucrat system, his object of the criticism expanded from the army surgeon to the politics field, especially the policies related to art and literature. Moreover, Ōgai was desperate to alleviate the responsibility of being an army surgeon, and criticize simply as a writer. During the time serve as president of Imperial Museum, his self-examination was much more in depth. Although he recognized the irony as being a bureaucrat himself, nonetheless, he still condemns the system.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。