A Study of the Paintings of Ladies' Dressing and Making-up in the Song Dynasty of China
|關鍵字:||婦女畫;梳妝;仕女;小型庭園;婦德;閨怨;women painting, dressing and making-up;lady;little garden;virtue;Boudoir Sorrow||公開日期:||2012||摘要:||宋代梳妝仕女圖屬於婦女畫的一環，它的發展脈絡可自婦女畫中看出。依婦女畫中的女性活動內容可分成「歷史故事」、「神話傳說」、「人物故事」與「生活」四大畫類。漢代時女子對鏡的墓室畫像石，是梳妝圖的雛形，主要功能為避邪，屬於生活畫類。魏晉南北朝時，梳妝圖被當作提醒婦女重視德性的鑒戒圖像，屬於歷史故事畫類。唐時，梳妝圖是畫家描繪婦女生活情態的題材，婦女梳妝的姿態動人，重在吸引觀者的目光，屬於生活畫類。北宋梳妝圖以墓室壁畫為主，代表婦女盡婦職及象徵婦德，介於生活畫與歷史畫類間。南宋梳妝仕女圖以小幅作品為主，使用小型庭園為背景，屬於婦女生活畫。其中，背景元素的佈局與描寫美女的話本文學在形式上有著異曲同工的效果。不僅話本文學如此，宋詞與繪畫亦同時出現使用美女與庭園相結合的內容，梳妝圖和南宋文學間似乎有著不可思議的關聯。
The Women Paintings can be classified into four categories, including "historical stories," "fairy tales," "fictitious personages," and "scenes from life." The Paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up in the Song dynasty is part of it and we can trace it back from the history of The Women Painting. The "scenes from life" in Han Dynasty was regarded as prototype of The Woman Painting which was used for repelling evil spirits. In Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up represented virtue of women and the core of those paintings were based on "historical stories." In the Tang Dynasty, the subject of the Paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up is based on "scenes from life," depicting the beauty and attracted movement of dressing and making-up women, aiming to attract audiences’ attention. The subject of The Paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up in Southern Song Dynasty was combined the spirit of "scenes from life" and "historical stories," representing the virtue and responsibility of women. An incredible finding from these paintings was that there existed a mysterious relationship between literature and the Paintings of Ladies’ Dressing and Making-Up in Southern Song Dynasty. Many paintings and literature works contained the garden, beautiful women, and the surroundings which closely related to the subjects of Painting of Ladies’ Dressing and Making-Up. There are four Paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up left in the Southern Song Dynasty, including Hanchen Su, Lady at Her Dressing Table in a Garden, anonymous; Lady Watching a Maid with a Parrot, anonymous; Looking in a Mirror by an Ornamental Box and anonymous, Flowers Viewing and Washing Hands, which are all based on the subject of "scenes from life," with backgrounds of little gardens, beauties doing making-up and dressing. The compositions of these all four paintings corresponded with literature in Song Dynasty. The painting “Lady Watching a Maid with a Parrot” described that concubine Yang''s (楊貴妃) parrot were flying to dressing table. The painting “Lady at Her Dressing Table in a Garden” alluded a noble as well as virtuous lady. The painting “Flowers Viewing and Washing Hands” described the content of Dewu Chen''s(陳德武)poems depicting that ladies appreciated peonies and tried to scoop the moon from a golden basin. The painting “Looking in a Mirror by an Ornamental Box” were composed of motifs from other paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up in the Southern Song Dynasty. In Southern Song Dynasty, men usually thought of their wives and beloved women when they saw paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up. Therefore, the paintings of Ladies'' Dressing and Making-up were regarded as the works that women missed their husband.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。