An Infusion of Taunts into Erotica--Shanghai Civic Culture in Caricatures（1928-1937）
|關鍵字:||摩登女郎;城市文化;現代化;上海漫畫;嘲諷;modern girl;urban culture;modernization;Shanghai Sketch;satire||公開日期:||2010||摘要:||中 文 摘 要
中國人的嘲諷特性，原來便相當有趣。除了歷代史書都有宮庭俳優的記載外，專門收集各地笑話的「笑話書」也持續出版。這些文獻內容，成為我們今日了解中國歷代嘲諷特性及演變的重要依據。這個領域向來不被重視，但隨著對下層民眾精神生活的關懷，以及呈現歷史更多的面貌，乃重新檢視歷代嘲諷、玩笑、淫歌等過往難登大雅之堂的內容，使其成為與過往政經軍政等廟堂大事者不同的另一社會底層之歷史。漫畫是二十世紀初自歐美日本引進中國的大眾藝術，並在上海獲得廣泛的歡迎，於二、三十年代，《上海漫畫》（Shanghai Sketch） 等雜誌刊行後，立即成為上海市民休閒娛樂的暢銷讀物，並取代過往的「笑話書」（Chinese Jest Book），成為表現現代中國人嘲諷特性最佳的媒材。
Abstract The Chinese way of taunts is so interesting, apart from the imperial actors and actresses recorded in the historical documents, jokes collected from all places anthologized and published continuously. Their contents have become the evidence for us to understand the characteristics and changes of satires in the past dynasties. Since there wasn’t much attention to the field all along, this dissertation will examine the contents of satires, jokes and indecent songs with concerns for the spiritual lives of lower classes, it will present more historical aspects which could hardly appear in formal history, and shows its differences from cross-national issues on politics, economy and military that top elites were care about. Cartoon was introduced to China by Europe and Japan in the early 20th Century, it was a kind of popular arts which was widely welcome in Shanghai, when “Shanghai Sketch” was issued in the 1920s and 1930s, it became one of the best sellers among leisure and entertaining books at once, it took over “Joke Anthology”, turning into the most characteristic medium that modern Chinese used in satires. This dissertation will look into the satirical characteristics of the Shanghai citizens in the 1920s and 1930s through modern Chinese cartoon. The design of structure and selection of evidences in this dissertation will be based on the most representative work in Shanghai then: modern girl. It will discuss her molding, the way that Shanghai citizens courting her, her influence upon public occasions with her attendance or in absentia. Modern girl was quite a creation of modern city; it is also a worldwide phenomenon, she was the best spokesperson of Shanghai metropolis. Cartoon based on her stories were abundant and had better quality, which represented the highest standard among cartoonists’ creations in Shanghai. The funs that derived from her in cartoon are evidences for the satirical characteristics; the outburst of erotic feelings; which stands for Shanghai citizens in modernized trend. Leo Ou-fan’s research in the school of Shanghai Neo-sensationalism points out that the phenomenon of internationalization in Shanghai, establishes a splendid modern world for her, which based on the appearance of buildings, civilian leisure and erotic pleasure, a place where the Shanghai citizens would like to be. The neo-sensationalism describes an abundant world, it is different from the traditional one; it’s rather like a foreign land in Hollywood movies. One the one hand, this dissertation will select some cartoonists’ works, calendar posters, advertisements, pictures, stage photos and descriptions of neo-sensationalism, in the sense of being a part of the group which takes part in making a modern Shanghai; on the other hand, the Shanghai caricaturists make fun of the modern world. Modern girl in Shanghai metropolis is the subject that the caricaturists satirize; the caricaturists produce an erotic world for the modern girl, which the Shanghai citizens would feel funny. This dissertation makes dialogues between the two different schools, so that the readers can see the subjects, the places and the techniques the two schools satirize, so that the satirical characteristics of the Shanghai citizens can be shown. After the success in cartoon magazines, caricatures become an important reading stuff to satirize modern girls, the satirical characteristics can express through the vivid pictures and the jokes in connection with modern girls, which shows the modern features never before. Shanghai cartoon creates new stuff and brings Chinese tradition of satirizing into modern world; it certainly expresses the special fun of Shanghai itself, which become the masterpiece that reflects the taste of its citizens on satire.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。