Subject Cataloging Process of Chinese Books in Four Academic Libraries
|關鍵字:||主題編目歷程;主題分析;書目特徵;編目教育;編目館員;Subject Cataloging Process;Subject Analysis;Bibliographic Features;Library Cataloger;Professional Education of Cataloger||公開日期:||2011||摘要:||圖書館主題編目工作是對資料內容的主題加以分析，以決定分類號與主題標目。分類號具有排架與聚集的功能，主題標目更是提供讀者進行主題檢索之基礎。主題編目成果良窳，是圖書館豐富資源能否被充分利用的重要關鍵，然而主題編目如何進行，在國內卻缺乏系統探討與瞭解。本研究主要目的，在探索國內學術圖書館編目館員進行中文圖書主題編目之歷程，包括主題編目之階段、使用之方法與資源，以及影響主題編目之因素。研究結果期能增進圖書館相關單位對主題編目之瞭解，進而作為改善主題編目工作之參考。
The task of subject cataloging includes two activities: analyzing the contents of materials and assigning classification number and subject headings. The classification number provides a means for shelving and collocating library materials, and the subject heading serves as the basis for subject searching. It is commonly known that the product of subject cataloging is a key affecting whether or not the library collection can be effectively utilized. However, the process of subject cataloging is still not fully examined and understood due to the scarcity of research in this topic. The main purpose of this study is to explore the process of subject cataloging of Chinese books performed by catalogers working in academic libraries in Taiwan. The facets observed in this study include the stages of subject cataloging, the uses of methods and resources, as well as the factors that influence the subject cataloging workflow. It is hoped that the results of this study can improve the understanding of the process of subject cataloging, and further enhance subject cataloging work. This study employed a qualitative approach. The participants comprised of twelve senior catalogers coming from four academic libraries in the Taipei area. All participants were asked to actually catalog two Chinese books. They were required to think aloud when performing the task. The researcher also used unobtrusive observation to gather data. After the cataloging task was done, a follow-up interview was conducted with every participant. The results show that the process of subject cataloging can be roughly divided into five stages: 1, the identification of the topic of the book; 2, the confirmation of the author’s intention; 3, the consideration of users’ needs; 4, the linkage with the existing collections; and 5, the determination and assignment of classification number and subject headings. These stages are not in a linear fashion; they are not employed in sequence. During the subject cataloging process, each cataloger would go back and forth depending on his/her needs. Besides, each participant may demonstrate his/her own working style and sequence. Even for the same cataloger, he/she may employ different approach to handle different books. During the process, they will use various methods and resources to accomplish the subject cataloging tasks. The bibliographic features of a book are the basic clues used by catalogers for analyzing its contents and subjects matters. Among the bibliographic features, title, introductory preface (or foreword), table of contents and abstracts are the most commonly used ones. In some occasions, CIP, chapter titles, illustrations, authors, publisher information, section headings, and references may also be consulted. In addition to the bibliographic features found in the book, the following methods or resources are also employed by participants to help them determine the classification number and subject headings: checking with cataloging standards, searching the catalogs of local and other libraries, searching Internet resources, and consulting colleagues, experts and scholars. The factors that influence the subject determination include the catalog users, authors, the catalogers themselves, and their professional community. The requirement of quality and quantity of cataloging output also affects the subject cataloging process of the participants.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。