|Title:||Role of viscoelastic properties of differentiated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells in cyclic shear stress injury||Authors:||Edwards M.E.
|Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||17||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||760-767||Source:||Biotechnology Progress||Abstract:||
Shear stress and strain lead to neurodegeneration in vivo during head injury, glaucoma and certain repetitive motion disorders. In vitro; shear stress and strain have been shown to lead to cell injury in a number of models using neurons and neuron-like cells. In the present study we examined the relationship between shear stress, strain, and the extent of cell injury in a cyclic shear stress induced model of cell injury using differentiated SH-SY5Y (human neuroblastoma) cells. Shear stress led to cell strain that increased with increasing stress and diminished upon cessation of shear. Strain rate during cyclic application of shear stress increased by over an order of magnitude from the first to all subsequent cycles, suggesting that the cell and/or its polymer network became more elastic upon cyclic shear stress application. To support this conclusion we measured the degree of cytoskeletal polymerization before and after exposure of cells to cyclic shear stress and found that the fraction of polymerized tubulin in the cell relative to total tubulin decreased by a factor of 2 after six cycles of shear. stress. The extent of injury, as indicated by the fraction of cells with fragmented DNA, was three times higher for cyclic shear stress than for steady shear stress and may be related to the change in strain rate and/or cytoskeletal reorganization associated with cyclic stress. These findings may aid in understanding the mechanism by which neurons and neuron-like cells respond to cyclic shear stress and strain and lead to new treatments for disease or injury arising from the exposure of neurons to abnormal. cyclic or repetitive stress and strain.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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