|Title:||Overexpression of AtOGG1, a DNA glycosylase/AP lyase, enhances seed longevity and abiotic stress tolerance in Arabidopsis||Authors:||Chen H.
|Keywords:||8-oxo-G;Abiotic stress;AtOGG1;Controlled deterioration treatment;DNA damage and repair;Seed longevity||Issue Date:||2012||Journal Volume:||63||Journal Issue:||11||Start page/Pages:||4107-4121||Source:||Journal of Experimental Botany||Abstract:||
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are toxic by-products generated continuously during seed desiccation, storage, and germination, resulting in seed deterioration and therefore decreased seed longevity. The toxicity of ROS is due to their indiscriminate reactivity with almost any constituent of the cell, such as lipids, proteins, and DNA. The damage to the genome induced by ROS has been recognized as an important cause of seed deterioration. A prominent DNA lesion induced by ROS is 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-G), which can form base pairs with adenine instead of cytosine during DNA replication and leads to GC¡÷TA transversions. In Arabidopsis, AtOGG1 is a DNA glycosylase/apurinic/ apyrimidinic (AP) lyase that is involved in base excision repair for eliminating 8-oxo-G from DNA. In this study, the functions of AtOGG1 were elaborated. The transcript of AtOGG1 was detected in seeds, and it was strongly up-regulated during seed desiccation and imbibition. Analysis of transformed Arabidopsis protoplasts demonstrated that AtOGG1-yellow fluorescent protein fusion protein localized to the nucleus. Overexpression of AtOGG1 in Arabidopsis enhanced seed resistance to controlled deterioration treatment. In addition, the content of 8-hydroxy-2'- deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) in transgenic seeds was reduced compared to wild-type seeds, indicating a DNA damagerepair function of AtOGG1 in vivo. Furthermore, transgenic seeds exhibited increased germination ability under abiotic stresses such as methyl viologen, NaCl, mannitol, and high temperatures. Taken together, our results demonstrated that overexpression of AtOGG1 in Arabidopsis enhances seed longevity and abiotic stress tolerance. ? The Author 2012.
|Appears in Collections:||植物科學研究所|
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