|Title:||PECTIN METHYLESTERASE34 contributes to heat tolerance through its role in promoting stomatal movement||Authors:||Huang, Ya Chen
Wu, Hui Chen
Wang, Yin Da
Liu, Chia Hung
Lin, Ching Chih
Luo, Dan Li
|Issue Date:||1-Jun-2017||Publisher:||AMER SOC PLANT BIOLOGISTS||Journal Volume:||174||Journal Issue:||2||Start page/Pages:||748||Source:||Plant Physiology||Abstract:||
© 2017 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved. Pectin, a major component of the primary cell wall, is synthesized in the Golgi apparatus and exported to the cell wall in a highly methylesterified form, then is partially demethylesterified by pectin methylesterases (PMEs; EC 188.8.131.52). PME activity on the status of pectin methylesterification profoundly affects the properties of pectin and, thereby, is critical for plant development and the plant defense response, although the roles of PMEs under heat stress (HS) are poorly understood. Functional genome annotation predicts that at least 66 potential PME genes are contained in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Thermotolerance assays of PME gene T-DNA insertion lines revealed two null mutant alleles of PME34 (At3g49220) that both consistently showed reduced thermotolerance. Nevertheless, their impairment was independently associated with the expression of HS-responsive genes. It was also observed that PME34 transcription was induced by abscisic acid and highly expressed in guard cells. We showed that the PME34 mutation has a defect in the control of stomatal movement and greatly altered PME and polygalacturonase (EC 184.108.40.206) activity, resulting in a heat-sensitive phenotype. PME34 has a role in the regulation of transpiration through the control of the stomatal aperture due to its cell wall-modifying enzyme activity during the HS response. Hence, PME34 is required for regulating guard cell wall flexibility to mediate the heat response in Arabidopsis.
|Appears in Collections:||植物科學研究所|
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