|Title:||IL-15 promotes survival but not effector function differentiation of CD8+ TCRalphabeta+ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes||Authors:||Lai, Y G
Jeng, S W
Liao, N S
|Issue Date:||1-Dec-1999||Journal Volume:||163||Journal Issue:||11||Source:||Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)||Abstract:||
CD8 single-positive cells, including CD8alphaalpha+ and CD8alphabeta+ subsets, constitute the majority of TCRalphabeta+ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (alphabeta iIEL) in mice. CD8+ alphabeta iIEL show significantly weaker responses to TCR stimulation in the presence of exogenous IL-2 than do CD8+ T cells of the central immune system. IL-15 is a T cell growth factor likely expressed in the intestine mucosa. To understand the role of IL-15 in CD8+ alphabeta iIEL biology, we compared the effects of exogenous IL-15 and IL-2 on the survival and primary responses of the two CD8+ alphabeta iIEL subsets in vitro. In contrast to the death of approximately 60% of both CD8alphaalpha+ and CD8alphabeta+ iIEL cultured in IL-2 with or without TCR stimulation, IL-15 promoted survival of the CD8alphaalpha+ subset in the presence of TCR stimulation and promoted survival of both subsets in the absence of TCR stimulation. The higher proliferation level of TCR stimulated CD8alphaalpha+ alphabeta iIEL cultured in IL-15 compared with those cultured in IL-2 is likely due to IL-15's prosurvival effects. In addition, unlike exogenous IL-2, exogenous IL-15 did not support the effector functions of either iIEL subsets, including IFN-gamma production, IL-4-induced Th2 cytokine production, and anti-TCR mAb-redirected cytotoxicity. These findings demonstrate that IL-15 and IL-2 are functionally distinct and suggest that IL-15 plays a unique role in the maintenance of the CD8+ alphabeta iIEL pool in the absence of Ag stimulation and in the survival and expansion of CD8alphaalpha+ alphabeta iIEL upon Ag stimulation.
|Appears in Collections:||免疫學研究所|
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