|Title:||SUMO-defective c-Maf preferentially transactivates Il21 to exacerbate autoimmune diabetes||Authors:||Hsu, Chao-Yuan
|Keywords:||Autoimmunity; Cytokines; Epigenetics; Immunology; T cells||Issue Date:||31-Aug-2018||Publisher:||AMER SOC CLINICAL INVESTIGATION INC||Journal Volume:||128||Journal Issue:||9||Start page/Pages:||3779||Source:||The Journal of clinical investigation||Abstract:||
SUMOylation is involved in the development of several inflammatory diseases, but the physiological significance of SUMO-modulated c-Maf in autoimmune diabetes is not completely understood. Here, we report that an age-dependent attenuation of c-Maf SUMOylation in CD4+ T cells is positively correlated with the IL-21-mediated diabetogenesis in NOD mice. Using 2 strains of T cell-specific transgenic NOD mice overexpressing wild-type c-Maf (Tg-WTc) or SUMOylation site-mutated c-Maf (Tg-KRc), we demonstrated that Tg-KRc mice developed diabetes more rapidly than Tg-WTc mice in a CD4+ T cell-autonomous manner. Moreover, SUMO-defective c-Maf preferentially transactivated Il21 to promote the development of CD4+ T cells with an extrafollicular helper T cell phenotype and expand the numbers of granzyme B-producing effector/memory CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, SUMO-defective c-Maf selectively inhibited recruitment of Daxx/HDAC2 to the Il21 promoter and enhanced histone acetylation mediated by CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300. Using pharmacological interference with CBP/p300, we illustrated that CBP30 treatment ameliorated c-Maf-mediated/IL-21-based diabetogenesis. Taken together, our results show that the SUMOylation status of c-Maf has a stronger regulatory effect on IL-21 than the level of c-Maf expression, through an epigenetic mechanism. These findings provide new insights into how SUMOylation modulates the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes in a T cell-restricted manner and on the basis of a single transcription factor.
|Appears in Collections:||免疫學研究所|
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