|Title:||Low hepatitis B virus-specific T-cell response in males correlates with high regulatory T-cell numbers in murine models||Authors:||Kosinska, Anna D
Dietze, Kirsten K
|Issue Date:||2017||Publisher:||WILEY||Journal Volume:||66||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||69||Source:||Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)||Abstract:||
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection shows significant gender-related differences in pathogenesis, disease progression, and development of hepatocellular carcinoma. The gender-associated differences in HBV replication and viral protein levels may be associated with distinct HBV-specific immune responses in the host. In the present study, we examined the impact of gender on HBV-specific immune responses in two different mouse models representing transient and persistent hepadnaviral infection; hydrodynamic injection with the HBV genome mimicked acute HBV infection, whereas the efficacy of therapeutic vaccination was studied in the woodchuck hepatitis virus transgenic mouse model. Consistent with previous reports, significantly higher HBV DNA and protein levels were detected in male compared to female mice. Although hydrodynamic injection with the HBV genome resulted in similar numbers of intrahepatic HBV-specific cluster of differentiation 8-positive (CD8+ ) T cells, their functionality was significantly reduced in males and correlated with higher numbers of intrahepatic regulatory T cells (Tregs). Similar effects were observed in woodchuck hepatitis virus transgenic mice immunized with a DNA prime-recombinant adenovirus boost vaccination protocol. Male mice showed functionally suppressed woodchuck hepatitis virus-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in the liver and significantly higher numbers of intrahepatic Tregs compared to females. Blockade of Treg responses in male mice led to augmented effector functions of specific CD8+ T cells and subsequently improved virus control in both models of transient and persistent hepadnaviral infection.
|Appears in Collections:||微生物學科所|
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