|Title:||Risk of Incident Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation after Dialysis-Requiring Acute Kidney Injury||Authors:||Shiao, Chih-Chung
|Keywords:||acute kidney injury; adverse cardiovascular events; atrial fibrillation; dialysis||Issue Date:||29-Aug-2018||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||7||Journal Issue:||9||Source:||Journal of clinical medicine||Abstract:||
The influence of acute kidney injury (AKI) on subsequent incident atrial fibrillation (AF) has not yet been fully addressed. This retrospective nationwide cohort study was conducted using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010. A total of 41,463 patients without a previous AF, mitral valve disease, and hyperthyroidism who developed de novo dialysis-requiring AKI (AKI-D) during their index hospitalization were enrolled. After propensity score matching, "non-recovery group" (n = 2895), "AKI-recovery group" (n = 2895) and "non-AKI group" (control group, n = 5790) were categorized. Within a follow-up period of 6.52 ± 3.88 years (median, 6.87 years), we found that the adjusted risks for subsequent incident AF were increased in both AKI-recovery group (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 1.30; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.07⁻1.58; p ≤ 0.01) and non-recovery group (aHR = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.36⁻1.94) compared to the non-AKI group. Furthermore, the development of AF carried elevated risks for major adverse cardiac events (aHR = 2.11; 95% CI, 1.83⁻2.43), ischemic stroke (aHR = 1.33; 95% CI, 1.19⁻1.49), and all stroke (aHR = 1.28; 95% CI, 1.15⁻1.43). (all p ≤ 0.001, except otherwise expressed) The authors concluded that AKI-D, even in those who withdrew from temporary dialysis, independently increases the subsequent risk of de novo AF.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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