|Title:||Theoretical study on the correlation between band gap, bandwidth, and oscillator strength in fluorene-based donor-acceptor conjugated copolymers||Authors:||Hung, Ying Chieh
Jiang, Jyh Chiang
|Issue Date:||18-Jun-2009||Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC||Journal Volume:||113||Journal Issue:||24||Start page/Pages:||8268||Source:||Journal of Physical Chemistry B||Abstract:||
There is a growing interest in developing low-band gap conjugated polymers via synthesis of copolymers containing alternating units of different π-electron-donating/accepting capabilities. In this study, electronic and optical properties of conjugated copolymers containing fluorene and thiophene/cyclopentadithiophene derivatives are determined using density function theory and semiempirical ZMDO calculations. A remarkable linear correlation is found between the amount of charge transfer between the donor-acceptor pair, the band gap, the bandwidth, and the oscillator strength of S0→S1 electronic transition (ground state to first excited state) of the copolymers. Strong π-electron withdrawing substituents, such as dicyanoethenyl and carbonyl groups, on the thiophene moiety effectively reduce the band gap of the copolymers. However, the reduction of band gap is frequently accompanied by a linear reduction in bandwidths and in the oscillator strength of S0→S1 transition. For very strong π-electron withdrawing thiophene derivatives, the occurrence of maximum oscillator strength may even shift from S0→S1 to S0→S1 (ground state to a higher excited state), giving a blue shift in maxima absorption peak and a red shoulder in the UV-vis spectra as reported in recent experimental measurements. Therefore, the achievement of low band gap for conjugated polymers with alternating arrangement of π-electron-donating/accepting moieties may be achieved at a cost of lowering electron mobility and optical efficiency and sometimes a blue-shift in the major optical (UV-vis) absorption. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
|Appears in Collections:||材料科學與工程學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.