|Title:||Enhanced photocatalytic activity of chromium(VI) reduction and EDTA oxidization by photoelectrocatalysis combining cationic exchange membrane processes||Authors:||Hsu, Hung Te
Chen, Shiao Shing
Tang, Yi Fang
|Keywords:||Chromium | EDTA | Ionic exchange membrane | Photoelectrocatalysis | TiO 2||Issue Date:||5-Mar-2013||Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV||Journal Volume:||248-249||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||97||Source:||Journal of Hazardous Materials||Abstract:||
A novel technology of photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) combining with cationic exchange membrane (CEM) was proposed for simultaneous reduction of chromium(VI) and oxidization of EDTA. The application of CEM was used to enhance the efficiency for prevention of the re-oxidation of reduced chromium with the electron-hole pairs. In this study, effects of current density, pH, TiO 2 dosage, hydraulic retention time (HRT), light intensity and EDTA/Cr(VI) molar ratio were all investigated. The results showed that the optimum conversion efficiency occurred at 4mA/cm 2 with the presence of CEM. Higher conversion efficiencies were observed at lower pH due to the electrostatic attractions between positive charged TiOH 2+ , and negatively charged Cr(VI) and EDTA. The optimum TiO 2 loading of 1g/L was depended mainly on the acidic pH range, especially at higher HRT and irradiation intensity. In addition, higher EDTA/Cr(VI) molar ratio enhanced the reduction efficiency of Cr(VI), indicating EDTA plays the role of hole scavenger in this system. Moreover, incomplete EDTA decomposition contributes to the occurrence of intermediates, including nitrilotriacetic acid, iminodiacetic acid, glycine, oxamic acid, lyoxylic acid, oxalic acid, acetic acid and formic acid, as identified by GC/MS. Consequently, transformation pathway was determined from these analyzed byproducts and molecular orbital package analysis. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
|Appears in Collections:||環境工程學研究所|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.