|Title:||Chemical stabilization of cadmium in acidic soil using alkaline agronomic and industrial by-products||Authors:||Chang, Yao Tsung
Jheng, Shao Liang
|Keywords:||Amendment | bioavailability | biochar | cadmium | Chinese cabbage | soil remediation||Issue Date:||10-Nov-2013||Publisher:||TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC||Journal Volume:||48||Journal Issue:||13||Start page/Pages:||1748||Source:||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering||Abstract:||
In situ immobilization of heavy metals using reactive or stabilizing materials is a promising solution for soil remediation. Therefore, four agronomic and industrial by-products [wood biochar (WB), crushed oyster shell (OS), blast furnace slag (BFS), and fluidized-bed crystallized calcium (FBCC)] andCaCO3 were added to acidic soil (Cd = 8.71 mg kg-1) at the rates of 1%, 2%, and 4% and incubated for 90 d. Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis L.) was then planted in the soil to test the Cd uptake. The elevation in soil pH caused by adding the by-products produced a negative charge on the soil surface, which enhanced Cd adsorption. Consequently, the diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA)-extractable Cd content decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in the incubated soil. These results from the sequential extraction procedure indicated that Cd converted from the exchangeable fraction to the carbonate or Fe-Mn oxide fraction. The long-term effectiveness of Cd immobilization caused by applying the 4 by-products was much greater than that caused by applying CaCO3. Plant shoot biomass clearly increased because of the by-product soil amendment. Cd concentration in the shoots was < 10.0 mg kg-1 following by-product application, as compared to 24 mg kg-1 for plants growing in unamended soil. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
|Appears in Collections:||環境工程學研究所|
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