|Title:||Transitions of bandgap and built-in stress for sputtered HfZnO thin films after thermal treatments||Authors:||Li C.-H.
|Issue Date:||2013||Journal Volume:||114||Journal Issue:||8||Source:||Journal of Applied Physics||Abstract:||
HfZnO thin films with various Hf contents are sputter-deposited on glass substrates from HfxZn1-xO (x = 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10% at. %) targets at room temperature. The incorporation of Hf in the ZnO film leads to the amorphorization of the materials. The amorphous structures of high-Hf-content films remain after annealing at 600 ¢XC for 30 min. The built-in stresses of as-deposited films are compressive. As the annealing temperature increases, the stresses are relaxed and even become tensile. The films exhibit a high transmission of 80% in the visible region. The optical bandgap increases with the Hf content, but it decreases with the annealing temperature. This can be attributed to the alteration of strain (stress) status in the films and atomic substitution. The reduction of bandgap partly results from the grain growth, which is due to the quantum confinement effect of the small grains. Hf doping increases the resistivity of ZnO owing to the disorder of the material structure and the higher bandgap, which result in more carrier traps and less thermally excited carriers in the conduction bands. ? 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
|Appears in Collections:||應用力學研究所|
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