|Title:||Three-dimensional extrusion bioprinting of single- and double-network hydrogels containing dynamic covalent crosslinks||Authors:||Wang L.L.
|Keywords:||3D printing;dynamic covalent chemistry;hydrazone;hydrogel;injectable||Issue Date:||2018||Journal Volume:||106||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||865-875||Source:||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A||Abstract:||
The fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds is indispensable to tissue engineering and 3D printing is emerging as an important approach towards this. Hydrogels are often used as inks in extrusion-based 3D printing, including with encapsulated cells; however, numerous challenging requirements exist, including appropriate viscosity, the ability to stabilize after extrusion, and cytocompatibility. Here, we present a shear-thinning and self-healing hydrogel crosslinked through dynamic covalent chemistry for 3D bioprinting. Specifically, hyaluronic acid was modified with either hydrazide or aldehyde groups and mixed to form hydrogels containing a dynamic hydrazone bond. Due to their shear-thinning and self-healing properties, the hydrogels could be extruded for 3D printing of structures with high shape fidelity, stability to relaxation, and cytocompatibility with encapsulated fibroblasts (>80% viability). Forces for extrusion and filament sizes were dependent on parameters such as material concentration and needle gauge. To increase scaffold functionality, a second photocrosslinkable interpenetrating network was included that was used for orthogonal photostiffening and photopatterning through a thiol-ene reaction. Photostiffening increased the scaffold's modulus (?300%) while significantly decreasing erosion (?70%), whereas photopatterning allowed for spatial modification of scaffolds with dyes. Overall, this work introduces a simple approach to both fabricate and modify 3D printed scaffolds. ? 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 106A: 865¡V875, 2018. ? 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Appears in Collections:||高分子科學與工程學研究所|
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